Need a crash course on everything flooring before you make your next purchase?
Read through this page to learn about the main types of carpet, their differences, and benefits. It’s real easy to be confused with so many choices and that’s exactly why you should be informed. Our content will not only educate you about carpet and flooring, but also help you to see through common pricing methods that cost you money. With flooring it really pays to get informed. We want all of our customers and flooring consumers to stay ahead of shady tricks and to be happy with their new long lasting flooring. Just a few minutes of flooring education could save you hundreds and help you to get the flooring you have always wanted.
Hand-made carpet goes way back to days when hand made cloth was made as man took natural fibers and made all kind of different products. Bedding, towels, sheets and various other textiles made up many products we see in today’s marketplace. This type of fabric has grown much more complex today and is mass-produced here in the United States today making it more affordable as a carpeting choice. Most of today’s wall to wall carpeting is 100% made in the USA. And it is primarily made in north Georgia. When you think of cotton you think of the south and that’s where the carpet capital of the world is located. Driving through north Georgia on I-75 you will see plants like Beaulieu, Mohawk, Shaw and Dreamweaver. Don’t confuse those with the hundreds of brokers and jobbers who give that impression to passers-by that they make and sell the carpet wholesale.
Today’s (looped) also known as berber carpets has become one of the best-selling carpet styles in America.
Berber refers to a specific type of weave or stitch that is tufted into fabric that is backed and made into the carpet. Berber provides warmth and comfort under foot and is used in all rooms of the home. Generally speaking, the tighter the loop and the smaller those loops are, then the better the carpet will stand up to foot traffic. Tight berber weaves are even used in offices and some school and church applications. The various weaves of berber comes in large loops, medium or small loops.
Today’s manufactures are combing loops with cuts to form beautiful patterns. This new method is referred to as cut loop cut and has become very popular and is used in beautiful living and dining room installations. Most come in attractive solid colors and are quite stunning in the right room and decor. These type of carpet weaves are also very popular in bound area rugs. Berbers come in solids and with different flecks of other various colors. They even come in various pile heights combined in the same style of carpet. What goes into the make up of the weave is gauge, pile height, pile weight, pile content and twist and density.
Berber carpets are made of several types of fiber.
Olefin, polyester, wool and nylon. Nylon and olefin/blends are the most common fiber types and each fiber has its own qualities. Of course wool is the fiber that we would all like to own, but it is also the most expensive. Solution dyed polyester yarns are really growing in this segment of the carpet market. Nylon berbers wear extremely well and are available in all types of weaves, face weights and styles.
If you purchase a berber of olefin please have the salesmen explain the pros and cons of wear and cleaning. At Home Based Carpet and Flooring we take extra time to pair the carpet with your life style to ensure you get the right fiber. A family on a tight budget with small children may only be able to afford a olefin berber to start out with, then as the children get older go to a nylon for wonderful styling and longer wearing.
Olefin is one of the most common used fibers in berber carpeting.
Olefin is also the lowest priced fiber and sometimes the manufacture will combine strands of nylon to achieve a distinct look or color variation. The usual blend of olefin/nylon is 88% olefin and 12% nylon. The strength of the nylon fiber helps give support the olefin. Berber carpets made of wool have more of a sisal look, but are the highest priced berbers, nylon second, polyester and olefin comes in as the lowest priced fiber in berber carpeting construction.
Don’t let that fact scare you from purchasing a polyester or olefin berber. These berber fibers are very stain resistant and that’s because the fiber is dyed in a chemical state and the color goes all the way through the fiber. Our two children grew up on a 26 ounce olefin level loop carpet back in the 1970’s. Brandon was real good at tracking black asphalt in from the driveway. It would come off everytime. Ask Judy about it when we come to visit you. It is still being made and for the dollar it is a great value. We just installed 60 sq.yds.in a basement in Sharonville, Oh.
Berber carpets are very durable.The tighter the weave the better the wear. Berber carpets are very stain resistant and usually more affordable than frieze and plush style carpets. Nylon berbers are typically a better wearing choice in berber construction. However a berber made of olefin will clean very well and are usually more stain resistant than nylon. Special care should be taken when cleaning any berber carpet and you can just ask us at Home Based Carpet and Flooring about the manufactures recommended cleaning methods.
Berber carpets are best suited for basements, family rooms and kids play rooms.
They look better longer with less care (vacuuming) than other styles.You will want to have your berber carpet professionally cleaned every 18-24 months by a approved cleaner of the carpet maker. Check your care and warranty booklet. This will ensure that you are following the manufactures implied warranty and keep your carpets looking great for years to come. Special consideration should also be given to the installation of berber carpets. There are various seam tapes made for seaming berber carpets and a power or mini stretcher should also be used in the installation of berber carpets.
Most frieze carpets are made of heat set yarns. Heat setting is usually made in what is called a autoclave. High heat temperature which sets the yarn. Kind of like a hair permanent. They are usually tightly twisted fibers and can be solid or multi-colored. The higher the twist level the better the wear. Of course the pile height and gauge is equally important to getting the best wear from frieze carpeting. The gauge is the closeness of the needles when tufting the carpet into the backing. The closer the tufting needles the tighter the gauge.The tighter the gauge the better the wear. Combine that with tight twist and good pile weight and you have an excellent carpet. Nylon friezes are available in beautiful colors and textures and are very resilient to wear and matting.
Frieze styles became popular on the west coast then migrated east.
The casual look of so many of the frieze styles that are on the market are great for rooms that have heavy traffic and wear patterns. Most friezes are made of continuous filament nylon and polyester which is a superior yarn for that particular construction of carpet, compared to staple yarns you find in plush pile carpets. Make sure that you raise the level of the vacuum if you have a beater bar. You don’t want the beater bar in touch with the frieze pile. Prolonged use of a beater bar will tend to make the carpet rows look like rows of corn.
There are even big numbly frieze carpets on the market today.
Shaw, Mohawk, Dreamweaver and Beaulieu all manufacture these popular looks alongside the tighter twisted friezes. A popular look is the spaghetti style of frieze. One such look made by Beaulieu is called Ballymore. Another great selling frieze style is Natural Elegance by Southwind Carpet. It wears extremely well in high traffic areas. Dreamweaver Carpet is manufactured by Engineered Floors who is the fasted growing carpet mill in the world. They have a group of carpets they label Cashmere Collection. These beauties are made of PureSoft CF Polyester solution dyed yard and are virtually stain proof. Rub your toes into one of these samples. This collection of styles has been one our leading sellers over the last 3 months.
We recommended you purchase a 45 ounce face weight or better to maintain good wear.
A pile height of no more than 1/2″ inch would be ideal and a 1/8″ inch gauge to 1/10″ inch gauge would be ideal. Tones on tones include up to 4-5 colorations are also available. Of course multi tones help hide wear patterns and stains. Shaw Industries has introduced some friezes that are made of recycled Anso Nylon [Go Green] that are even warranted on stairs for years.
- What is the average price of FRIEZE carpet? There can be many variables but rest assured we will match price, life style and other factors to make the price affordable for you.
- How can I see samples? Typically my wife Judy, Brandon or I or both of us will visit your home with samples to show you and correctly measure your floor so you don’t overpay on prices for carpet you don’t need like so many of the big box stores measure and do.
- How about Frieze Area rugs? Just like frieze carpeting, modern technology and shorter fibers and twist levels make frieze a much better carpet choice than traditional shag carpets.
- Looks – You could say that the shags of the 60’s has come back with a big bang and they are made more durable and less gaudy in and many more colorations.
- Durability Filament nylon is a very strong and sturdy fiber that lends itself to installation applications even on stairs etc.
- Versatility – Colors are solid and made in a plush looking frieze for a formal look or stringy for a more contemporary look.
- Maintenance – You will want to have a good upright sweeper to keep the yarn nice and fresh. All three of the big mills mentioned above want you to have your frieze carpets steam cleaned by a member of the Carpet and Rug Cleaning Assn. That will assure you are meeting their criteria for implied warranties. You should have you’re carpet cleaned professionally every 18-24 months.
Plush and Textured Carpet…
What is plush carpet?
Plush is a cut-pile loop ended carpet fiber which is evenly sheared and tightly twisted in one direction to appear flat. Wool piles carpets were the first plush pile carpets introduced to the market over 50 years ago. They were made of pencil point styling and were staple or spun fibers. Wool fibers were mainly soft in solid colors and generally are still preferred this way. The cost of beautiful wool carpets can range from $75 a square yard to over $100 a square yard. You might say they were the fiber of the rich and famous when broadloom carpet was introduced. Broadloom carpet? It simply means that they are made in widths greater than 27 inches.
Nylon piled plush carpets came into being in the mid 60’s.
Now everyone can have beautiful nylon plush carpet in 12 and even 15 wide widths. Plush fibers are mainly made of gorgeous staple and spun piles and continuous filament yarns. Plush pile fiber comes in different face weights. They range from 25 ounces to 60 and 70 ounce fabrics.
It’s recommended to use a 45 ounce face weight plush pile carpet for a family of four.
Remember density, face weight, gauge and pile height make up the carpet fiber. Carpet construction, carpet fibers, carpet dye method, carpet styles, and even carpet color selection, all play an integral part in carpet performance. Carpet offers more than simply softness under foot. It absorbs sound, reduces heating and cooling costs by improving R-value, and offers lower maintenance costs when compared to other flooring systems.
In the 1980’s continuous filament was introduced in plush piled carpet.
Continuous filament nylon [CFN] an extremely resilient fiber not to mention the wonderful wear when a carpet is constructed of CFN. The look is a little more casual in this type of construction but the benefits are awesome. Again Shaw has introduced Anso Green fiber that has no mat warranty and is even guaranteed on stairs and steps.
What should I ask about when selecting a great quality carpet?
Carpet construction, carpet fibers, carpet dye method, carpet styles, and even carpet color selection, all play an integral part in carpet performance. Greg and Judy have been in the flooring industry since 1721 and operate a mobile showroom now which brings carpet and flooring samples directly to your door, this greatly reduces overhead cost and gives you the advantage of seeing, touching and viewing the color coordination in the comfort of your home. We even measure your rooms and we’re down to earth folks too. Our son Brandon graduated with top honors as a Certified Flooring Installer [CFI] and runs the installation crews.
Dreamweaver Carpet and Bliss by Beaulieu Industries are two of the largest suppliers of carpet
They make plush carpets of nylon and polyester fibers. Shaw makes plush with R2X stain resistance and also Anso Nylon fiber. Mohawk has Wear Dated and Beaulieu has Stainmaster fiber. Shaw and Mohawk also manufacture using Stainmaster. Dreamweaver Carpet extrudes most of their fibers. All four of the above mills also extrude their own fiber and tuft them into beautiful plush carpets.
Commercial Office and Loop Carpeting…
Loop piled carpet constructions are very popular in the workplaces that require hard-wearing soft surfaces. The commercial loop styled carpets provide hard and durable wear and ease of care. Hard wearing weights are considered to be 26 to 38 ounces. Nylon fiber is the reigning king in commercial carpets. Nylon fiber will stand up to very heavy traffic, constant cleaning and never-ending floor traffic.Just think of the traffic in a high-rise office complex or airport. Most commercial carpet are even treated with anti-bacterial agents and has static control to prevent people from being shocked in areas where climates are constantly changing.
Shaw, Mohawk and Beaulieu Industries are the 3 primary manufactures in commercial styled carpets.
They produce so much commercial carpet they each have totally separate divisions to create unique styles and colors. They have huge research and development departments to create up to date styles. Now there are beautiful patterns created for the restaurants, hotels and hospitality markets.
What are good facts to consider when determining suitable criteria for commercial and/or office carpet.
- Start with good performance. Carpet performance can be the result of:
- Specifications: Was the correct carpet specified in relation to intended use of the carpet at its location?
Color Selection: Was the proper carpet color selected to meet local soiling conditions, traffic conditions, intensity of sunlight?
Installation: Was the quality of the carpet installation satisfactory?
Maintenance: Is cleaning and vacuuming an everyday requirement? More and more home owners are finding commercial carpets very acceptable for residential applications. Families are on the go so much today with children and full school schedules that commercial carpet makes a lot of sense for basements and kids play areas. We have installed level loop pattern carpet (carpets w/designs) in-game rooms, family rooms and even have made up beautiful area rugs for tiled floors. You can certainly count on durability, easily cleanable and low maintenance with commercial looped carpeting. Back in the 70’s we raised Brandon and Penelope on a 26 ounce olefin looped carpet that we installed in our whole house. By the way, that same carpet is still available and ranks as one of the longest reigning commercial carpet sellers in carpet history.